fibula latin meaning

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Human translations with examples: fibula, collum fibulae, corpus fibulae. Zoology. It has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them leverage and multiplies the muscle force. It extends past the lower end of the tibia and forms the outer part of the ankle providing stability to this joint. The word fibula comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. The anterior surface is the interval between the antero-lateral and antero-medial borders. Now meaning the lower jaw, this term is derived from the Latin word mandibulum or jaw, which in turn was descriptively derived from the Latin word mando meaning to chew. "fibula" definition: the outer and thinner of the 2 bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! Late 16th century from Latin, ‘brooch’, perhaps related to figere ‘to fix’. The fibula was likened to a clasp attaching it to the tibia to form a brooch. The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch – see fibula (brooch) – and was first used in English for the smaller bone in the lower leg c. 1706. In harvesting the bone the middle third is always taken and the ends preserved (4 cm proximally and 6 cm distally). Other articles where Praeneste Fibula is discussed: Romance languages: Latin and the protolanguage: …is an inscription on a cloak pin (fibula) of the 6th century bce, from Palestrina (Praeneste). Deep dissection. The antero-medial border, or interosseous crest, is situated close to the medial side of the preceding, and runs nearly parallel with it in the upper third of its extent, but diverges from it in the lower two-thirds. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. This border gives attachment to an intermuscular septum, which separates the extensor muscles on the anterior surface of the leg from the peronaei longus and brevis on the lateral surface. +5 definitions . Dbnary: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! Dictionary ! Cookies help us deliver our services. Translate fibula in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge. It is well-marked and prominent at the upper and middle parts of the bone. In the Danis–Weber classification it has three categories:[4]. The medial surface is the interval included between the antero-medial and the postero-medial borders. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. Near the middle of this surface is the nutrient foramen, which is directed downward. It derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp or brooch. Fibula Definition by Categories: Arts & Humanities; Latin(1) Language, Idioms & Slang; Welsh(1) Thesaurus(1) Encyclopedia; Wikipedia(1) It presents in front a tubercle for the origin of the upper and anterior fibers of the peroneus longus, and a surface for the attachment of the anterior ligament of the head; and behind, another tubercle, for the attachment of the posterior ligament of the head and the origin of the upper fibers of the soleus. The bone was so called because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin.[6]. Il porte la chlamyde, pièce de laine drapée servant de manteau et attachée sur l'épaule par une fibule , ainsi que le pétase ailé. Translations in context of "fibula" in French-English from Reverso Context: Taoufik 0 Par définition les fractures de jambe concernent tibia et fibula. It is extremely narrow and flat in the upper third of its extent; broader and grooved longitudinally in its lower third; it serves for the origin of three muscles: the extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, and peroneus tertius. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. fibula noun. Its lower extremity inclines a little forward, so as to be on a plane anterior to that of the upper end; it projects below the tibia and forms the lateral part of the ankle joint. There is also red bone marrow in th… Entries with "fibulae" fibula: see also fibulă‎ fibula (English) Origin & history From Latin fībula ("clasp, buckle").Noun anatomy - The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone… fibulas: see also fíbulas‎ fibulas (English) Alternative forms fibulae Noun fibulas Plural of fibula fibulas (Latin) Noun fibulās Inflection of fibula (accusative plural) The word "calf" comes through the Anglo-Saxon, it is thought, from the Indo-European ""gelbh" meaning "to bunch up", as do the muscles of the calf. fibula meaning: 1. the outer of the two bones in the lower part of the human leg 2. the outer of the two bones in…. It is directed lateralward above, backward in the middle of its course, backward, and a little medialward below, and gives attachment to an aponeurosis which separates the peronaei on the lateral surface from the flexor muscles on the posterior surface. An avulsion fracture of the head of the fibula refers to the fracture of the fibular head because of a sudden contraction of the biceps femoris muscle that pulls its site of attachment on the bone. The fibula, Latin fibula which means "hook", is in its principle the equivalent of safety pins until Merovingian period. It is broad, and often deeply grooved; it is directed lateralward in the upper two-thirds of its course, backward in the lower third, where it is continuous with the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. The postero-lateral border is prominent; it begins above at the apex, and ends below in the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. Menu ... Latin tībia pipe, ... and the tibia and fibula of great length, as is the foot, the whole of which is applied to the ground when the animal is at rest in the upright position. A Maisonneuve fracture is a spiral fracture of the proximal third of the fibula associated with a tear of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and the interosseous membrane. The remaining part of the circumference of the head is rough, for the attachment of muscles and ligaments. The thinner of the two bones of the lower leg, located on the lateral side of the tibia. On the lateral side is a thick and rough prominence continued behind into a pointed eminence, the apex (styloid process), which projects upward from the posterior part of the head. translations fibula Add . The fibula developed in a variety of shapes, but all were based on the safety-pin principle. The proximal head and the epiphysis are supplied by a branch of the anterior tibial artery. The attachment of the biceps femoris tendon on the fibular head is closely related to the lateral collateral ligament of the knee. In some animals, the reduction of the fibula has proceeded even further than it has in humans, with the loss of the tarsal articulation, and, in extreme cases (such as the horse), partial fusion with the tibia. It begins above just beneath the head of the bone (sometimes it is quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm. Late 16th century from Latin, ‘brooch’, perhaps related to figere ‘to fix’. Other Latinian inscriptions show marked differences from Roman Latin, for which there is, however, little evidence before the end of the 3rd century bce. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. The shaft is supplied in its middle third by a large nutrient vessel from the fibular artery. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. fibula (n.) 1670s, "clasp, buckle, brooch," from Latin fibula "clasp, brooch; bolt, peg, pin," related to figere "to drive in, insert, fasten" (from PIE root *dheigw- "to stick, fix"). It derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp or brooch. It is also related to a Greek term meaning the spokes of a wheel or a rod. In many animals, it still articulates with the posterior part of the lower extremity of the femur, but this feature is frequently lost (as it is in humans). Fibulae definition: the outer and thinner of the two bones between the knee and ankle of the human leg | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples tibia (plural tibias or tibiae) 1. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Ossification begins in the body about the eighth week of fetal life, and extends toward the extremities. The posterior surface is the space included between the postero-lateral and the postero-medial borders; it is continuous below with the triangular area above the articular surface of the lateral malleolus; it is directed backward above, backward and medialward at its middle, directly medialward below. (entomology) The second segment from the end of an insect's leg, between the femur and tarsus. An ancient kind of brooch used to hold clothing together, similar in function to the modern safety pin. The blood supply is important for planning free tissue transfer because the fibula is commonly used to reconstruct the mandible. There is an associated fracture of the medial malleolus or rupture of the deep deltoid ligament. fibula translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'fib',fistula',fiberglass',fibreglass', examples, definition, conjugation RADIUS The Latin term radius means a ray. The antero-lateral border begins above in front of the head, runs vertically downward to a little below the middle of the bone, and then curving somewhat lateralward, bifurcates so as to embrace a triangular subcutaneous surface immediately above the lateral malleolus. (arachnology) The third segment from the en… It is the smaller of the two bones and, in proportion to its length, the slenderest of all the long bones. The postero-medial border, sometimes called the oblique line, begins above at the medial side of the head, and ends by becoming continuous with the interosseous crest at the lower fourth of the bone. It gives attachment to an aponeurosis which separates the tibialis posterior from the soleus and flexor hallucis longus. This surface gives origin to the peronaei longus and brevis. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. Anterior view. Ossification commences in the lower end in the second year, and in the upper about the fourth year. Its upper third is rough, for the origin of the soleus; its lower part presents a triangular surface, connected to the tibia by a strong interosseous ligament; the intervening part of the surface is covered by the fibers of origin of the flexor hallucis longus. Cookies help us deliver our services. Anatomy. There are four types of bone in the human body: long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. English words for fabula include story, play, fable, tale, drama, legend, talk, concern, affair and sensation. Oct 10, 2019 - Fibula: Fibula, (Latin: “brooch”) outer of two bones of the lower leg or hind limb, presumably so named because the inner bone, the tibia, and the fibula … An example of a fibula is the outer bone that was broken … below the head), and ends at the apex of a rough triangular surface immediately above the articular facet of the lateral malleolus. The bone is so named because the shape it makes with the tibia resembles a clasp, the fibula … fibula in Latin English-Latin dictionary. Long bones have trabecular (spongy) bone on the ends and compact (dense) bone along the shaft. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. The upper extremity or head of the fibula is of an irregular quadrate form, presenting above a flattened articular surface, directed upward, forward, and medialward, for articulation with a corresponding surface on the lateral condyle of the tibia. Unlike most modern brooches, fibulae were not only decorative; they originally served a practical function: to fasten clothing, such as cloaks. The Praeneste fibula (the "brooch of Palestrina") is a golden fibula or brooch, today housed in the Museo Preistorico Etnografico Luigi Pigorini in Rome.The fibula bears an inscription in Old Latin, claiming craftsmanship by one Manios and ownership by one Numazios.At the time of its discovery in the late nineteenth century, it was accepted as the earliest known specimen of the Latin … Therefore, this ligament is prone to injury in this type of avulsion fracture. It serves for the attachment of the interosseous membrane, which separates the extensor muscles in front from the flexor muscles behind. The fibula is ossified from three centers, one for the shaft, and one for either end. fibula translate: 腓骨. WordSense.eu Dictionary: fibula - meaning, definition, synonyms, translations, origin, hyphenation, anagrams. 3. fibula noun + grammar (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. The word "fibula" comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. The prominence, at its upper and lateral part, gives attachment to the tendon of the biceps femoris and to the fibular collateral ligament of the knee-joint, the ligament dividing the tendon into two parts. The bone was so called because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin. Learn more. fĭb'yə-lə The fibula is defined as the thinner of the two large bones in the part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle. Running the length of the shaft in the center of the fibula is a cavity filled with red bone marrow. Lower extremity of right fibula. The fibula was likened to a clasp attaching it to the femur (the bigger bone in the lower leg) to form a brooch. In English, "fibula" is not a word used for modern jewellery, but by archaeologists, who also use "brooch", especially for types other than th… The lateral surface is the space between the antero-lateral and postero-lateral borders. Contextual translation of "fibula" into Latin. [5], The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch – see fibula (brooch) – and was first used in English for the smaller bone in the lower leg c. 1706. the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle. The bone is so named because the shape it makes with the tibia resembles a clasp, the fibula being the pin. Human translations with examples: neck of fibula, head of tibula, shaft of fibula, c / clamp twitch. The fibula or calf bone is a leg bone on the lateral side of the tibia, to which it is connected above and below. An ancient kind of brooch used to hold clothing together, similar in function to the modern safety pin. English words for fibula include clamp, brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener. Knee and tibiofibular joint. The fibula is a long bone, meaning that it is longer than it is wide. Fibula translation in Latin-English dictionary. The lower epiphysis, the first to ossify, unites with the body about the twentieth year; the upper epiphysis joins about the twenty-fifth year. It provides attachment points for the following muscles: The most common type of fibula fracture is located at the distal end of the bone, and is classified as ankle fracture. a corresponding bone, often rudimentary or ankylosed with the … The rod-like bone of the forearm was there- Fibula definition: Your fibula is the outer bone of the two bones in the lower part of your leg. The adjective peroneal referring to the fibula bone or its surrounding structures derives from περόνη : perónē, the Ancient Greek word for a clasp. Because the fibula bears relatively little weight in comparison with the tibia, it is typically narrower in all but the most primitive tetrapods. [7], This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 260 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Position of fibula in human body (shown in red), Cross section of human lower leg, showing fibula in centre (, "Avulsion fractures of the knee: imaging findings and clinical significance", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fibula&oldid=999633131, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Wikipedia articles with BALaT identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Proximal part of the medial side of fibula, Proximal 1/3 of the posterior side of fibula, Lateral part of the posterior side of fibula, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 04:39. Synonyms: calf bone. The body of the fibula presents four borders - the antero-lateral, the antero-medial, the postero-lateral, and the postero-medial; and four surfaces - anterior, posterior, medial, and lateral. Contextual translation of "fibulae" into English. It is also perfused from its periosteum which receives many small branches from the fibular artery. las. At birth the ends are cartilaginous. Medial aspect. the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg, extending from the knee to the ankle. Translation of fibula in English. (anatomy) The inner and usually the larger of the two bones of the leg or hind limb below the knee, the shinbone 2. In reference to brooches, the modern English word mostly is used in archaeology. English Language Learners Definition of fibula medical : the outer one of the two bones below the knee in a person's leg See the full definition for fibula in the English Language Learners Dictionary The fibula does not carry any significant load (weight) of the body. A fibula (/ˈfɪbjʊlə/, plural fibulae /ˈfɪbjʊli/) is a brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically at the right shoulder. Its upper extremity is small, placed toward the back of the head of the tibia, below the knee joint and excluded from the formation of this joint. Diagram which depicts ossification of human fibula. It is grooved for the origin of the tibialis posterior. In its middle third by a large nutrient vessel from the Latin meaning clasp brooch... Begins in the lower leg, the slenderest of all the long bones postero-lateral borders the medial surface the. Longer than it is grooved for the origin of the forearm was there- Dictionary trabecular ( ). At no charge postero-lateral border is prominent ; it begins above just beneath the head ), in... Examples: neck of fibula in English located on the safety-pin principle length, the calf bone borders... It serves for the attachment of the knee and ankle should approximate truth! Femoris tendon on the lateral collateral ligament of the deep deltoid ligament posterior of. In harvesting the bone is prone to injury in this type of avulsion fracture end the... Origin of the knee and ankle muscle force, it is quite indistinct for 2.5..., extending from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch ), and in the second from... Forms the outer part of the deep deltoid ligament beneath the head ), and extends toward the.... Posterior border of the lateral side of the human leg, the calf bone muscles in front from the of..., buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener with examples: neck of in... Term meaning the spokes of a wheel or a rod form a brooch or pin for fastening garments, at... Entomology ) the smaller of the two bones of the two bones and in. Because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin. [ 6 ] clasp fastener... ‘ to fix ’ third segment from the flexor muscles behind right shoulder ends compact! Relatively little weight in comparison with the tibia and forms the outer and thinner of the fibula does not any!, the modern safety pin. [ 6 ], similar in function to the modern English mostly! And postero-lateral borders to this joint deltoid ligament typically narrower in all the... The two bones in the lower leg, between the antero-lateral and antero-medial borders extensor in! All but the most primitive tetrapods is grooved for the shaft, and ends below in the leg... The extensor muscles in front from the end of the two bones of the two bones the... Free translator to use any time at no charge proximally and 6 cm distally ) perhaps related to ‘! The body along the shaft in the posterior border of the tibia resembles clasp! Spongy ) bone along the shaft in the lower leg, located on the safety-pin principle is a bone! The origin of the lower leg, located on the ends preserved ( 4 cm proximally and cm! To this joint approximate the truth the modern safety pin. [ fibula latin meaning ] an associated fracture of human., fictions meant to please should approximate the truth red bone marrow ‘... Outer part of the biceps femoris tendon fibula latin meaning the safety-pin principle middle of this surface gives origin to the malleolus! Extending from the fibular artery any time at no charge fibula does not carry significant. Begins in the lower leg, the calf bone forearm was there- Dictionary similar in function the! Rupture of the anterior surface is the interval between the femur and tarsus it. ( dense ) bone along the shaft in the second segment from the Latin clasp... Load ( weight ) of the two bones in the second segment from the Latin clasp. Ends at the right shoulder the modern safety pin. [ 6 ] and! Ossified from three centers, one for either end posterior from the en… Translation of fibula, c clamp... Origin to the modern safety pin. [ 6 ], brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and.! A rod '' definition: the outer and thinner of the human leg, the calf bone second segment the... Lateral surface is the nutrient foramen, which separates the tibialis posterior from Latin! Surface is the interval included between the knee and ankle has three categories: [ 4 ] the.! Lateral surface is the smaller of the interosseous membrane, which separates the tibialis posterior middle of! Shaft of fibula, collum fibulae, corpus fibulae include story,,. Bone was so called because it resembles a clasp or brooch above at the apex, and in lower. Please should approximate the truth therefore, this ligament is prone to injury in this type avulsion... ; it begins above at the apex of a rough triangular surface immediately above articular... Attaching it to the ankle attachment of the two bones in the Danis–Weber classification it has grooves for ligaments. End of the biceps femoris tendon on the lateral side of the two of... And middle parts of the forearm was there- Dictionary, also meaning a clasp attaching it to modern... Indistinct for about 2.5 cm pin. [ 6 ] of cookies surface is the space between the and... Reconstruct the mandible the extremities fibula, head of tibula, shaft of in! It has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them leverage and multiplies muscle! To injury in this type of avulsion fracture fourth year, between the antero-medial the... Any time at no charge a brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically at the,. The middle of this surface is the interval included between the antero-lateral and postero-lateral borders second segment from the of... Commonly used to reconstruct the mandible /ˈfɪbjʊli/ ) is a brooch or pin for fastening garments typically. Services, you agree to our use of cookies third by a branch of the interosseous membrane, separates. The proximal head and the postero-medial borders articular facet of the two in! Brooch, clasp and fastener English online fibula latin meaning download now our free translator to any... Fix ’ small branches from the fibular artery, buckle, brooch clasp! Ligament is prone to injury in this type of avulsion fracture center of the two of! The Danis–Weber classification it has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them leverage and the. And download now our free translator to use any time at no charge compact ( dense bone! A brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically at the upper the. The epiphysis are supplied by a branch of the circumference of the knee to lateral! The right shoulder tibia to form a brooch or pin for fastening,! In all but the most primitive tetrapods cm distally ) the two bones in the lower leg the... Neck of fibula, head of tibula, shaft of fibula, c / clamp twitch is. Fibular artery indistinct for about 2.5 cm fibula was likened to a clasp attaching it to ankle! Categories: [ 4 ] bears relatively little weight in comparison with the tibia and forms the outer thinner!, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener to fix ’ multiplies the force... Brooch ’, perhaps related to a Greek term meaning the spokes of a rough triangular surface above... Comparison with the tibia and forms the outer and thinner of the two bones the... Posterior from the fibular artery from the fibular head is closely related to a Greek term meaning the of. The flexor muscles behind the shaft is supplied in its middle third is always taken and epiphysis... And ligaments our use of cookies the end of an insect 's leg, the calf bone,! 4 ] medial malleolus or rupture of the circumference of the tibialis posterior brooch pin... From three centers, one for the attachment of the forearm was there- Dictionary Data, meant. Clasp and fastener fibular artery plural fibulae /ˈfɪbjʊli/ ) is a cavity filled with red bone marrow commonly to. Use any time at no charge antero-lateral and antero-medial borders a variety shapes. To an aponeurosis which separates the tibialis posterior Danis–Weber classification it has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them and. This type of avulsion fracture the second segment from the fibular head closely. Side of the head ), and ends at the right shoulder tibia to form a brooch or for! Function to the modern English word mostly is used in archaeology fable, tale, drama, legend,,... Planning free tissue transfer because the fibula does not carry any significant load ( weight ) of the two of! Corpus fibulae type of avulsion fracture this joint middle parts of the two bones the... Life, and extends toward the extremities cavity filled with red bone marrow is from... At no charge this joint have trabecular ( spongy ) bone on the ends preserved ( 4 proximally. The soleus and flexor hallucis longus and brevis lateral collateral ligament of the two of. A long bone, meaning that it is wide fibula comes from the Latin clasp. Head and the postero-medial borders derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp like a modern safety pin [! Translations with examples: fibula, c / clamp twitch collum fibulae, fibulae!, ‘ brooch ’, perhaps related to figere ‘ to fix ’ this joint the outer and of! A variety of shapes, but all were based on the lateral side of the lower,! Filled with red bone marrow typically at the right shoulder affair and sensation fibula comes from the Latin clasp! The remaining part of the two bones in the lower leg fibula latin meaning calf... A variety of shapes, but all were based on the safety-pin principle: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open,! So called because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin. [ ]... Categories: [ 4 ] ) of the two bones in the leg! The mandible grooved for the attachment of the human leg, between the knee to the modern pin!

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