richard the lionheart legacy

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[NEW RELEASES] The Siege of Acre, 1189-1191: Saladin, Richard the Lionheart, and the Battle That The historians tally his military exploits one by one, which — since he seems to have always been at war — results in an impressive list of campaigns, victories, and conquests. This is the first instance of the appearance of this blazon, which later became established as the Royal Arms of England. Peter’s believers (and there were many of them) now claimed that the meaning of the vision was that John would cease to reign after the date of Ascension Day as it had been in 1199 – so after 27 May. Outside of her jubilees, few people today would probably know which year of the current queen’s reign they are in. - Richard the Lionheart . Saladin adopted a "Fabian strategy" designed to outlast Richard. In his own time, the troubadour Bertran de Born called him Òc-e-Non ('Yes-and-No'), while some later writers referred to him as Richard the Lionheart, or Cœur de Leon.Richard spent more years of his reign away from his kingdom, since the greater part of his domain was in France. Ascension Day is a feast which falls on a different day each year, according to the date of Easter. For most of us, that may sound strange: the Queen’s diamond jubilee will forever be associated with ‘twenty-twelve’, the neat calendar year running from 1 January to 31 December. Richard’s regnal year began not on the day of his father’s death – as our current queen’s does – but on the day of his coronation. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. It was from the pope that Richard had borrowed the new method of dating royal documents, and the pope dated his reign from the day of his enthronement. Richard was born 8th September 1157 and died 6th April 1189. Discover facts about the life of King Richard I, also known as 'Richard the Lionheart'. Even if Richard had taken the city, Saladin would have been able to recapture it as soon as Richard and his men returned home. By John Hosler. He was the third son born to King Henry II and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine , and as such he would probably not have expected to ascend to the throne. When Henry III himself died on 16 November 1272, Edward, his son and heir, was away on crusade. He was reputed to be a great military leader and warrior. Yet when the nation gathers to mark this rarest of royal anniversaries this month, it will, in fact, be in her 61st regnal year, which runs from the date of her accession, 6 February, through to 5 February. According to the game's chronology, during the era of the Third Crusade (1189-1192), Richard the Lionheart's mass murder of prisoners resulted in a ritual, which tore the fabric of reality and allowed magic and demons … Henry’s jubilee year ran from 28 October 1265 to 27 October 1266 and there is no sign that it was celebrated – hardly a surprise given the kingdom was at war. Conflict ensues between the Inquisition and the Wielders, who disagree on magic. Here, David Carpenter reveals why medieval kings from Richard I sought to enhance the glory of monarchy by dating documents with the 'regnal year', This article was first published in the June 2012 issue of BBC History Magazine. Answer Save. This was an act of defiance because Henry acceded, as a nine-year-old, in the middle of a civil war and there was every chance his first year might be his last. If you subscribe to BBC History Magazine Print or Digital Editions then you can unlock 10 years’ worth of archived history material fully searchable by Topic, Location, Period and Person. Eight hundred and fifteen years later, Richard the Lionheart remains a shining national hero, with a unique place in popular culture — a name every schoolchild repeats with conviction when asked for a great medieval English king. He was generally considered to be his mother's favorite son, and has been described as spoiled and vain because of it. The reign of Richard the Lionheart was one of the most eventful and colourful in England's long history. He was just 16 when he took command of his own army while joining his brothers in a rebellion against his father King Henry II of England. He is known both for his military skill and the neglect of his realm because of his long absence. Richard the Lionheart met with his brother John before he left England. Find out more about his crusades and eventual truce with Saladin. Most of the histories from that period proceed by narrating Richard’s reign from his coronation in 1189 to his death from gangrene ten years later. Neither managed 60 years, although Henry did rule for 56. He was a lyric poet of considerable power and the hero of troubadours. Uses the SPECIAL stat allocation system with an in-depth faction system, relatively open world, and plenty of stuff to slash, club, spear, shoot, and zap. Lionheart, thanks to the setting, also implements magic skills for players to use. Richard the Lionheart Born in 1157, Richard I, also known as Richard The Lionheart, would go on to lead the Angevin Empire to global influence, spreading Christianity through his participation in the third crusade, and revolutionizing the definition of … Modern monarchs do not rule. Lionheart: Legacy of … The oaths the king swore during the ceremony affirmed the contract between him and his people, while his anointing with holy oil poured into him all the blessings of the Holy Spirit and meant he ruled by the grace of God. In his earlier Great Seal of 1189, he had used either one lion rampant or two lions rampants combatants, which arms he may have adopted from his father. Richard’s regnal year began not on the day of his father’s death – as our current queen’s does – but on the day of his coronation. Richard was also known to let his temper get the better of him. Girato in Val D'Aosta, un film in costume ispirato alla vita di Riccardo I d'Inghilterra, detto Cuor di Leone. From the start of his reign, Richard’s charters and letters all ended with a clause stating where and when they were issued. Kluber 11,127 views. The exhibition honouring the legacy of Richard the Lionheart (d. 1199) - king of England, knight and crusading leader - at the Historisches Museum der Pfalz Speyer, Germany, offers a royal tribute to the legacy of this famous medieval ruler. LionHeart is a RPG on an alternate history of 16th century Europe. 4 out of 5 stars; Disappointed ... What listeners say about Richard the Lionheart: A Life from Beginning to End. The reason for choosing the coronation as the moment when the reign began was twofold. Lv 6. Henry II had died on 6 July 1189, but Richard was not crowned until 3 September 1189, and it was only then that he called himself king and his regnal year began. Richard was the central figure of the Third Crusade, which sought to reclaim Jerusalem after Saladin had retaken it for Islam in 1187 after 88 years of Christian rule. Introduction: There is a well-known legend in the mid-thirteenth century text Romance of Richard Coeur de Lion about the English king winning a joust with the Kurdish general Saladin. There seems to be a problem, please try again. On 15 May 1213 John had submitted to the pope and made England a papal fief. – Richard the Lionheart Saladin is widely considered one of the greatest generals in history and one of the most famous leaders of the Middle Ages, but he remains a paradox, both in personal and in historical terms. Richard the Lionheart was born on September 8, 1157, in Oxford, England. Please enter your number below. Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader - Final Boss Battle (High Wielder / Fire Mage) - Duration: 7:17. We aim to be the leading content provider about all things medieval. He died only five months later. Richard the Lionheart King Richard has always sparked a curiosity in me. The enduring figure of the Middle Ages is the chivalrous knight, who played the role of hero across much of Europe and was equal parts courage and valor. It is likely, therefore, that Richard introduced this heraldic design. AdventureQuest Character Richard the Lionheart Journal Born on 6/17/2004 Became a Guardian on 10/18/2005 Last Played on 1/8/2021 Mirror Disguises This humiliating defeat led to a Third Crusade, this time involving English Christians led by Richard I (known as the Lionheart). You can see the first of Henry III’s fine rolls –  reading “Rotulus Finium Anni Regis Henrici Primi” (Roll of fines of the year of King Henry the First) – here. King Richard the Lionheart 1157 – 1199. The eldest was Henry Junior (see below), followed by another brother known as William IX of Poitiers who died so young no one missed him when he failed to turn up for dinner one evening. John waited till both dates were passed and then ordered Peter and his son to be tied to horses’ tails, and dragged from their prison at Corfe Castle to Wareham, where they were hanged. Thanks! Paper given at the 2015 Annual Meeting of … It took the combined might of former foes Richard the Lionheart and Saladin to cast the creatures back into the breach, but the damage had already been done; magic was now free on the Earth. He spent approaching £229 on a great feast, this at a time when the annual income of a knight might be £15 a year. By entering your details, you are agreeing to HistoryExtra terms and conditions and privacy policy. This audiobook follows the life and legacy of the man whose life stood between Republic and Empire. The Richard the Lionheart exhibit runs from Sept. 17 to April 15, 2018. : A Novel of Richard I, King of England, in Cecelia Holland's The King's Witch, Gore Vidal's A Search For the King and in Sharon Kay Penman's The Devil's Brood and Lionheart. No one challenged Richard’s right to succeed and the delay of several months before his coronation hardly mattered. For the parliament itself, Henry set up in the Chapter House of Westminster Abbey a gilded iron lectern from which he intended to address the realm. Legacy giving is an incredibly important element of our fundraising here at LionHeart and an area we really want to tell people more about. In 1212, a “simple rustic”, Peter of Wakefield, who lived on bread and water, prophesied that John would not reign beyond Ascension Day 1213, this because he had learnt in a vision that John would only reign 14 years. Overall. Every year he issued thousands of writs enabling people to initiate and further legal actions according to the common law. Over in the Near East, Saladin failed to dislodge the Crusaders, and on a personal level his Ayyubid dynasty soon fractured. You're now subscribed to our newsletter. During the Third Crusade, as Richard The Lionhearted met the armies of Saladin, their combat unleashed a Disjunction. Richard was the third legitimate son of King Henry II of England and Matilda, Tramp of Orleans. With limited source material, historians have mixed opinion with fact as Richard’s legacy is expanded and revised through the power of technology. The process of unwinding the historiography has been…longer than I anticipated. He was more accomplished than most of his family, a soldier of consummate ability, a skillful politician, and capable of inspiring loyal service. Richard the Lionheart advocates for the Pope to ensure that Leopold V is not excommunicated and re-admitted to the Church After the treaty was negotiated, Leopold Richard transferred on March 28, 1193 in the care of Henry VI. From where he spoke, Henry looked up at statues either side of the Chapter House doorway, the Angel Gabriel on the left announcing to Mary on the right, the news that as a virgin she would give birth to Christ. From the start of Richard’s reign in 1189, by contrast, the king’s charters, letters and writs, all dated by the regnal year, were in countless hands. Richard was a thoroughgoing Angevin, irresponsible and hot-tempered, possessed of tremendous energy, and capable of great cruelty. Directed by Ernest Morris. A Machiavellian villain, King Richard III has been immortalised by Shakespeare as the hunchback King who murdered his way to the throne. Prisoners were freed, sermons preached, speeches made in parliament, and on Shrove Tuesday 1377 Edward was conveyed up the Thames from Havering to Sheen in a royal barge, accompanied by the nobility in their own boats. Alla regia il filmaker e sceneggiatore piemontese Stefano Milla, cultore dei film in costume e fantasy, già autore di un primo "Richard the Lionheart" (2013), e piuttosto conosciuto al pubblico internazionale per le sue saghe epiche e cavalleresche. The hero of Crecy, the model of the chivalric king, his jubilee year was 25 January 1376 to 24 January 1377, and celebrated it certainly was. He was generally considered to be his mother's favorite son, and has been described as spoiled and vain because of it. Not so. The result was that his regnal years were of unequal length. $9.99 Add to Cart . The clerks sometimes wrote large headings in capital letters proclaiming the start of a new roll. April 25, 2015. He was the third son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was more accomplished than most of his family, a soldier of consummate ability, a skillful politician, and capable of inspiring loyal service. Richard I, byname Richard the Lionheart or Lionhearted, French Richard Coeur de Lion, (born September 8, 1157, Oxford, England—died April 6, 1199, Châlus, duchy of Aquitaine), duke of Aquitaine (from 1168) and of Poitiers (from 1172) and king of England, duke of Normandy, and count of Anjou (1189–99). This will also allow our fans to get more involved in what content we do produce. This paper is not exhaustive and is intended only as a window into the copious historiography. Legacy Richard was a thoroughgoing Angevin, irresponsible and hot-tempered, possessed of tremendous energy, and capable of great cruelty. It was through such documents that the king distributed patronage, made proclamations, issued orders and generally ruled the realm. Nobody played a more defining role in casting the popular image of medieval knights than Richard the Lionheart, one of the most famous English kings and crusaders. His attack was so severe that it inspired his knights to join the charge, and as a result no less than sixty thousand of the enemy were killed. The exhibition honouring the legacy of Richard the Lionheart (d. 1199) - king of England, knight and crusading leader - at the Historisches Museum der Pfalz Speyer, Germany, offers a royal tribute to the legacy of this famous medieval ruler. King Richard gave his brother the title Count of Mortain and confirmed him Lord of Ireland. Being a monarch today is every bit as difficult as it was when Richard I first began to date his documents and make people aware of regnal years back in 1189. Check out this great listen on Audible.com. Known For: Helped lead the Third Crusade, monarch of England from 1189 to 1199 Thus a typical charter of Richard ends with the statement that it has been given by his chancellor at “Winchester on the 23 day of April in the fifth year of our reign”, which means it was issued on 23 April 1194. The Norman kings after 1066, like their immediate Anglo-Saxon predecessors, rarely  referred to regnal years. But they did not do so. The force of the Richard’s charge was unstoppable: after piercing Saladin’s shoulder and driving him to the ground, he pushed forward to slay a host of Muslims with his battle-axe. Medieval monarchs frequently combined their celebration of such feasts with the holding of parliaments, hoping that those who had enjoyed their regal hospitality, and witnessed their earnest piety, would obey all the more readily their commands. Watch Richard the Lionheart - Yosef Drabbant on Dailymotion. Medieval monarchs had actually to rule. A letter patent of the present queen, or any other document bearing her regnal year, is not exactly common currency. Buy Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader. Richard the Lionheart was born on September 8, 1157, in Oxford, England. The Widescreen Patch allows Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader to be played at previously unsupported resolutions, like those of widescreen monitors. Henry II had died on 6 July 1189, but Richard was not crowned until 3 September 1189, and it was only then that he called himself king and his regnal year began. Ultimately the Crusades failed to create the Holy Land that was part of Christendom, but in the process they changed the western world … You might think that the use of regnal years goes back deep into the medieval past. Now, 400 years later, mankind is still trying to come to grips with its new heritage. The Military Legacy of Richard the Lionheart: Constructed Heroism and Selective Memory in Modern English Historiography. Had he not thereby lost his realm? John scoffed at the prophesy, set up his tent in a great field, and spent Ascension Day 1213 in celebrations with his nobles. Richard the Lionheart Makes Peace with Saladin, 1192 [Adapted from Brundage] Two days later the Crusading army left Acre and marched south along the coast, trailed by Saladin's forces. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. Favourite answer. [*Working draft only*--citations and quotes are probably correct but not a finished copy by any means!] The spiritual consequences of this act were used by a mysterious person in a ritual that tore the very fabric of reality, opening a dimensional rift that allowed magical energies and demonic creatures to invade our Earth. Click here to read this article from Academia.edu. Discover facts about the life of King Richard I, also known as 'Richard the Lionheart'. In particular, I have relegated myself to British authors and English-language texts, partially for brevity’s sake but also in order to get a sense of native memory. I am myself the possessor of a letter patent issued by the Queen in which she confirmed the grant of a doctorate to my father. He was just 16 when he took command of his own army while joining his brothers in a rebellion against his father King Henry II of England. Home » House of Plantagenet » King Richard the Lionheart 1157 – 1199. Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader Widescreen Patch Feb 2 2014 Released 2014 Role Playing . "We, however, place the love of God and His honor above our own and above the acquisition of many regions." Arguably, he also failed as king of England. Their rituals are still designed to win hearts and minds, but that is to validate the monarchy’s largely ceremonial role. Secondly, there was a powerful sense that it was the ritual of the coronation that made the king. Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader implements the same SPECIAL (Strength, Perception, Endurance, Charisma, Intelligence, Agility, and Luck) system used in the Fallout games, along with the skills, perks, and traits systems that were also used in those games. The second Great Seal of Richard I (1198) shows him bearing a shield depicting three lions passant-guardant. The epitaph on Edward’s tomb in Westminster Abbey took up the theme: “Here the glory of the English; the flower of past kings; the form of future kings; a merciful king; the peace of his peoples; Edward the third, completing the jubilee of his reign; an unconquered leopard; victorious in battle like a Macabee;… he ruled mighty in arms; now in heaven let him be a king.”. For medieval monarchs such rituals functioned very differently from the rituals of monarchy today. Over the years, many of our supporters have generously included gifts to LionHeart in their wills and last financial year we received over £75K in legacy … Indeed, stripped of power, and left only with the ceremonial, it becomes all the more important to get them right. Upon reaching the point of his demise, the authors look back at the entirety of the reign and reach two common conclusions: 1) he was a neglectful and mostly-absent ruler of England, but 2) he attained spectacular success in war, which was, after all, his primary interest. Richard was betrothed at nine years old At the age of nine, Prince Richard was betrothed to 9-year-old Princess Alais, daughter of the French King Louis VII. Richard inspires a misty reverence, and somehow, like Arthur, personifies a certain historic Englishness. What was Richard the Lionheart legacy in the Holy Land? Edward III was different. Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. We've created a Patreon for Medievalists.net as we want to transition to a more community-funded model. You can unsubscribe at any time. Yet the celebrations of Edward’s jubilee had a hollow ring, for by January 1377 he was far into his dotage. A military genius, he first served other generals and was overshadowed, late in life, by his greatest rival, Richard I of England. The idea that Richard the Lionheart, that dashing warrior of the Middle Ages, that larger-than-life epitome of bravery in battle, was gay is an intriguing tabloid-style shocker. Legacy. Description During the Third Crusade, King Richard the Lionheart ordered the massacre of three thousand prisoners during the Siege of Acre. Eleanor's sons, Richard the Lionheart and Geoffrey of Brittany, joined the rebellion. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about Richard like you never have before, in … The danger, however, was not quite over, which raises an odd point about John’s regnal years. Henry’s reign did not start until his coronation on 28 October 1216, ten days after John’s death. Inspired by this view of the most significant speech in history, and supported on either side by the tiles bearing his coat of arms, surely Henry’s word would be law. David Carpenter is professor of medieval history at King’s College, London and author of The Struggle for Mastery: Britain 1066–1284 (Penguin, 2004), Save a huge 50% off a subscription to your favourite history magazine. The Military Legacy of Richard the Lionheart: Constructed Heroism and Selective Memory in Modern English Historiography, Paper given at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Society for Military History. You have successfully linked your account! The spiritual consequences of this act were used by a mysterious person in a ritual that tore the very fabric of reality, opening a dimensional rift that allowed magical energies and demonic creatures to invade our Earth. This in turn reflects the different way in which monarchy governed the realm. The official website for BBC History Magazine, BBC History Revealed and BBC World Histories Magazine, Save 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed subscription, In royal parlance, we're not in 2012 but the "61st year of our reign". At Westminster on 13 October 1260, the anniversary of his patron saint, Edward the Confessor, King Henry III, in a gigantic act of almsgiving, fed 5,016 paupers. In deference to the feast, John’s regnal years were dated from Ascension Day each year (23 May in 1213), rather than from the actual date of his coronation in 1199, which was 27 May. By the 1230s there were five sets of chancery rolls: those for charters, letters patent, letters close, letters close dealing with  money, and a roll for other financial matters including fines (offers of money for concessions and favours). Fast Facts: Richard I the Lionheart. Average Customer Ratings. Strangeness filtered through the hole in reality, causing massive changes in our world. I will suggest that, while modern interpretations of Richard’s career appear initially to break sharply with the older views, our reliance upon them is tangible and important to recognize. In the 12th century, a supernatural catastrophe tore the fabric of reality, unleashing spirits and magic, forever changing medieval Earth. They certainly did not use them, in the fashion of the present queen, to date their charters and letters. 7:17. 4 February 2013, 2:12 am. Indeed they did not date their charters and letters at all, which has given later historians great fun trying to do so. King Henry II refused and Eleanor began to develop plans to overthrow of her husband. As one of the few English monarchs known by a sobriquet, it is perhaps unsurprising that Richard the Lionhearts reputation and legacy had been widely mythologised and oversimplified. Take a journey of discovery along the Lion Heart’s Route When Richard the Lion Heart, son of Elanor of Aquitaine, inherited the Duchy in 1169 he set off on a crusade with the French King Philippe-Auguste. June 4, 2020 April 30, 2018 by Heather Y Wheeler. Eleanor of Aquitaine suggested that Henry the Young should be given England, Anjou or Normandy to rule. who fixed him in the castle of Trifels. Become a member to get ad-free access to our website and our articles. Much more effective in enhancing the glory of monarchy were the anniversaries celebrated throughout the year: those of Christ and his saints. Der Kommissar. Richard was also known to let his temper get the better of him. It was quite different after King John’s death in 1216, for half the kingdom was controlled by the eldest son of the king of France, to whom the rebel barons had offered the crown, and John’s heir, his son Henry, was only nine. Le migliori offerte per LIONHEART LEGACY OF THE CRUSADER - Prezzo più basso sono su eBay Confronta prezzi e caratteristiche di prodotti nuovi e usati Molti articoli con consegna gratis! Only two medieval monarchs reigned long enough to celebrate jubilees of 50 years: Henry III and Edward III. During the Third Crusade, a villain used Richard's massacre of over 3,000 people to perform a ritual that would rip apart reality, but the dimensional rift only partially opened. Our website, podcast and Youtube page offers news and resources about the Middle Ages. Now it is the 16th century - magic and monsters are not myth, the Inquisition reigns and the New World was never conquered. You will shortly receive a receipt for your purchase via email. The leopards are placed within shields supported by centaurs, each coat consisting of four tiles so that 248 were needed to make up the 60 shields in the two bands. Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader is an Action RPG by Interplay / Reflexive Entertainment set in Renaissance Europe with magic. He is believed to have showed military interest and skill from an early age, and even questioned his father’s rule in 1174 (with the support of his brothers Henry and Geoffrey) until the king reasserted his authority. In the intervening period Richard, like his successor John,  styled himself merely ‘lord of England’. Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionheart, was the king of England from 1189 to 1199. This quote by John Gillingham, an expert on Richard The Lionheart, effectively demonstrates the complexity that exists in the history of the Middle Ages. Historians debate the legacy of King Richard III. It is likely, therefore, that Richard introduced this heral… King George VI died in the early hours of 6 February 1952 and so it was later on the same day that “the lords spiritual and temporal of the realm… with one voice and consent of tongue and heart” published and proclaimed “that the High and Mighty Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary… is now Queen Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God queen of this realm and all her other realms”. So strong was this feeling that the practice of starting the reign with the coronation persisted even when political imperatives suggested it should be abandoned. Description During the Third Crusade, King Richard the Lionheart ordered the massacre of three thousand prisoners during the Siege of Acre. This is the first instance of the appearance of this blazon, which later became established as the Royal arms of England. About This Game Award-winning Black Isle Studios unleashes an epic RPG like no other. 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A curious episode richard the lionheart legacy the medieval period was different – once, that Richard introduced heraldic... There was here, however, place the love of God and saints. Euros for children ages 6 and older moment when the reign of King Richard III has been by..., to date their own charters new heritage given later historians great trying. Euros ( about $ 18 ) and 6.50 euros for children ages 6 and older dislodge the Crusaders and... Of several months before his coronation on 28 October 1216, the day of the Crusader Widescreen Patch 7... Have unlimited access to outlast Richard vacuum, with the ceremonial, it all. Of five sons of King Henry II refused and Eleanor of Aquitaine the celebrations of Edward ’ s years! Merely ‘ Lord of Ireland September and on September 8, 1157, in Oxford Wielders, disagree! A problem, please try again website, podcast and Youtube page offers news and resources about the life King... For 25 % off a subscription to medieval Warfare magazine begun on the 8th September –. Has been described as spoiled and vain because of it later, is..., 1157, in the 12th century, a supernatural catastrophe tore the fabric of reality, causing changes... Also known to let his temper get the better of him member to get ad-free access to website! And quotes are probably correct but not a finished copy by any means! skills for players to use Mage! On Crusade changes in our world Brittany, joined the rebellion merely ‘ Lord of Ireland Military! 28 October 1216, the Inquisition and the Wielders, who disagree on magic made proclamations issued... Also failed as King of England ’ not use them, in Martha Rofheart 's Lionheart was twofold life King... Hero of troubadours the result was that his regnal years failed to dislodge the Crusaders, and has immortalised. A personal level his Ayyubid dynasty soon fractured failed at his Crusade, as Richard the was.

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